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Boot Configuration Data File Is Missing in Windows 10| Fix it with/without CD/DVD

Boot Configuration Data File Is Missing in Windows 10| Fix it with/without CD/DVD

If you encounter the Boot Configuration Data file is missing error in Windows 10, you can fix it with Startup Repair or Command Prompt; if there is no Windows installation CD/DVD, employ AOMEI Partition Assistant.

By Bryce / Last Updated April 20, 2020

Boot Configuration Data (BCD) store, a registry like database, consists of various parameters that help in starting the operating system. It controls all phases of the boot process. Furthermore, BCD file is used in Windows Vista, Windows 7 & above versions in place of the text-based boot.ini file. In BCD store, objects like boot manager, boot loader & other boot applications have their own GUID. Besides, these objects can be modified using inbuilt tool Bcdedit.exe.

In BIOS based installation, BCD is located on active partition as [active partition] BootBCD

In EFI (Extensible firmware interface) based installation, BCD file is located on EFI system partition as [EFI system partition]EFIMicrosoftBootBCD

Boot Configuration Data file is missing error:

BCD error is most commonly seen in Windows 7, Windows 8, & Windows 10. If Boot configuration data is either missing, corrupt, or wrongly configured then you will not be able to start your computer & you may encounter with the error bootmgr is missing or the error as shown below:

Reasons why you are facing this error:

One of the main reason for occurrence of the «Windows Boot Configuration Data file is missing required information» error is that Bootmgr cannot be loaded as Boot Manager entry is missing in Boot Configuration Data store. This entry can be accidentally deleted or corrupted due to virus infection.

One more reason for this error appears is that BootBCD file is missing or corrupted in active partition.

How to fix Boot Configuration Data error

To get your BCD restored in Windows 7, follow below methods:

Repair BCD store using Windows RE startup repair tool

Windows Recovery Environment (Windows RE) provides a startup repair tool that repairs unbootable Windows 7. Your corrupted Boot configuration data file can be repaired by using this method, just follow the below steps:

  • Insert the Windows 7 disc, then start your system
  • Press any key then Click on repair your computer option
  • Now click on startup repair
  • Restart the computer

Rebuild BCD store using Windows RE bootrec.exe tool

Windows Recovery Environment provides bootrec.exe, using this tool BCD is completely rebuilt. Do the following steps:

  • Insert the Windows 7 disc, then start your system
  • Press any key, & then Click on repair your computer option
  • Now click on command prompt, & type the following commands:
    • Bcdedit /export C:BCD_Backup
    • Ren c:bootbcd bcd.old
    • Bootrec /rebuildbcd

Although the manual methods are time consuming, yet it will fix ‘Boot configuration data is missing’ error. What if your BCD error still exists & you cannot start your computer then either you will format the hard disk or reinstall Windows operating system. This situation can cause you to data loss. If for some reason your data have been lost and you want it back as quickly as possible then you can try windows data recovery software that helps you in getting back your lost, deleted, & corrupted data.

Fix Boot Error 0xC0000034 (The Windows Boot Configuration Data file is missing required information)

Boot Error 0xC0000034 (The Windows Boot Configuration Data file is missing required information) is caused by missing self-referencing Boot Manager entry in the BCD registry hive.

Error 0xC0000034 (status 0xC0000034) can be fixed by rebuilding Boot Configuration Data registry hive from scratch using Emergency Boot Kit.

Contents

  • 1. Symptoms of the problem
  • 2. Cause of the problem
  • 3. How to fix status 0xC0000034

1. Symptoms of the problem

When computer is powered up, the following error message appears:

2. Cause of the problem

The rest of this article refers to Windows 7, but all information below applies to Windows 10 as well.

BCD hive with status 0xC0000034 differs from BCD hive without status 0xC0000034 in one subtle detail: it has no entry (which is stored as raw BCD object with constant GUID <9dea862c-5cdd-4e70-acc1-f32b344d4795>).

Raw BCD hive with status 0xC0000034:

Raw BCD hive without status 0xC0000034:

3. How to fix status 0xC0000034

1) Download Emergency Boot Kit and deploy it to USB thumbdrive according to the instructions, then set up your BIOS to boot from USB thumbdrive. You need full version of Emergency Boot Kit to actually write changes to the disk, but it’s recommended to try demo version to make sure there are no hardware incompatibilities.

2) Boot into Emergency Boot Kit:

3) Run File Manager from the main menu:

4) Press Alt+F1 and choose your boot partition from the menu. In Windows 7 and Windows 8 boot partition has size about 100MB in size and «System Reserved» volume label. In Windows Vista separate boot partition does not exist, computer boots from system disk where Windows OS files are installed (use UP and DOWN arrow keys and ENTER to navigate the menu):

5) Now you need to enter either Boot folder (on BIOS-based computers) or EFIMicrosoftBoot (on UEFI-based computers). Only one of these folders exists on any particular computer, so choose whatever exists.
Press TAB to switch input focus to the left panel, then navigate folders using arrow keys UP and DOWN and ENTER. (This example shows entering Boot folder.)

6) List of files should appear on the left panel. BCD file should be in the list, BCD.LOG , BCD.LOG1 and BCD.LOG2 may also appear in the list. Navigate to those files using arrow keys, then select them INSERT key:

7) After selection:

8) Press F6. File rename dialog will pop up:

9) Type BCD_OLD.* on keyboard and press ENTER:

10) Make sure BCD files were renamed successfully to BCD_OLD files, then press F10 and ENTER keys to exit the Emergency Boot Kit File Manager:

11) Choose Mount & Boot Center in the main menu:

13) Enable checkbox (checkboxes) on the intersection of the bootloader and operating system (operating systems) it should load:

14) Mount & Boot Center should look like below. Press OK to commit changes (BCD registry hive and corresponding log will be created from scratch at this point):

15) «Status 0xC0000034» boot problem should be fixed now. Choose ‘Reboot’ in the main menu of Emergency Boot Kit:

Please note: Because BCD (Boot Configuration Data) was recreated from scratch, you may need to adjust boot timeout, menu order etc from within Windows when it boots successfully.

Bottom Line

Are you still worrying about the Boot Configuration Data file is missing in Windows 8? Now, you can try the above 4 methods.

If you have any other good solutions about «The Boot Configuration Data file for your PC is missing or contains errors» issue, please share it with us in the comments below, thanks. On the other hand, should you have any questions about MiniTool software, please feel free to contact us via [email protected] .We will solve it as soon as possible.

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Исправляем ошибку 0xc0000034

Итак, дело конечно же в файле BCDboot, повреждение или отсутствие которого недопустимо. Также вы можете наблюдать следующую ошибку, код которой 0xc0000034:

Многие пользователи идут на крайние жертвы сразу: переустановка Windows, теряя всякие надежды. Кто пытается использовать восстановление системы тоже спешу огорчить – ничего не выйдет.

Я не хочу, чтобы после каждой подобной ошибки пользователи бежали переустанавливать Windows. Не спорю, это поможет, но с удаление всех установленных программ и файлов, которые у вас были на системном диске, а потом все это придётся восстанавливать. Проблему можно решить и другим методом, а именно – использование диска восстановления системы (или флешки).

Вы должны найти диск восстановления именно операционной системы, начиная с Windows 8, подойдёт и версия 8.1 и даже 10. Потом с этого диска (или флешки) загружаетесь, а потом идёте в восстановление системы и там в «Дополнительные параметры». Находите там пункт «Командная строка».

Если у вас каким-то образом не получилось найти командную строку, то нажмите сочетание клавиш Shift+F10.

В открывшейся командной строке вводим команду:

bcdboot c:windows

С помощью данной команды мы восстанавливаем среду загрузки в полном объеме. Файл BCDboot должен быть на месте.

Но, на практике всё равно возникает множество неудач. Одна из них заключается в том, что команда выше могла не помочь.

Part 3: How to avoid this issue happening again?

This is sure that you don’t want to encounter the error ever again. That is why you need to use this astonishing AOMEI backupper to effortlessly make an image backup of the system files after fixing the boot configuration data file missing issue. AOMEI Backupper is an advanced backup and restore software which contains all features of the Standard Edition, provides complete and reliable PC backup and restore strategies for any of the windows version. System Clone, Backup Scheme, Dynamic Disk Backup, Dissimilar Hardware Restore, Merge Images, etc. and many other diverse and useful features are available. Not only the backup, but the software allows you to an auto-sync USB drive when connected with File Sync. The files can be used directly after they are synced. Now that you are aware of the capabilities this software has, learn the steps to avoid this issue from happening again, these are the steps to do so;

Step 1: Turn on your computer and download AOMEI backupper and launch it. On the home page, select «Backup» and select «System backup»

Step 2: Now, select the destination location, you can backup it to any of the external storage devices.

Step 3: You can also enjoy the feature of automatic backup by clicking the schedule option.

Step 4: Lastly, click on the option «start backup» and wait for the procedure to end and you are done here.

How to fix Boot Configuration Data missing in Windows 10?

As the prompt on the error screen saying, you’ll need to use the recovery tools on your installation media, no matter it’s a disc or USB. But if you don’t have any, don’t worry too much, there are also approaches aside from contacting the manufacturer. Now, let’s have a look at these commonly used methods.

1. Rebuild BCD with Command Prompt

To fix corrupted BCD in Windows 10, you can rebuild it with command prompt. Here are the approach:

Step 1. Insert the available installation media, boot your computer from it (you may need to change boot order in BIOS). Select the language and other preferences, then tap Next button.

Step 2. Click Repair your computer at the left-bottom corner of Windows Setup.

Step 3. Click Troubleshoot and choose Advanced options, you can see multiple further options then.

Step 4. Click Command Prompt, type following commands and press Enter key after each.

Bootrec /fixmbr

Bootrec /fixboot

Bootrec /scanos

Bootrec /rebuildbcd

Step 5. Type A at last to add the installation to the boot list, then press Enter.

Step 6. Now you can quit command prompt, and tap Continue to launch Windows 10.

2. Fix the issue with Startup Repair

Startup Repair is also a handy feature built into Windows. You can use it to fix some boot problems.

Step 1. Insert the installation media and boot your computer with it.

Step 2. Click Next > Repair your computer > Troubleshoot > Advanced options just as in method 1.

Step 3. Choose Startup Repair and wait till the repairing completes.

Step 4. Restart the computer to see if the error still exists.

Note:

If you have problem with using it, learn more about how to fix Windows 10 Startup Repair not working.

3. Create a bootable media easily if you don’t have any

This is a common situation in real life that you can’t find the installation CD when you actually need it. But since it’s the precondition to fix BCD missing in Windows 10 or Windows 8, you may need an effective alternative at first.

In my case, one of the easiest ways it to make a bootable disc by yourself, and the Create Bootable Media tool in AOMEI Backupper is a good choice. It’s totally free of charge, and the operation is pretty quick and simple.

First, you should find a working PC with Windows system. Download the freeware AOMEI Backupper Standard. It’s an all-around backup & restore program which can not only create bootable drive, but also solve many data related problems in Windows 10/8.1/8/7/XP/Vista, such as creating system backup image and recovering it.

Secure Download

Step 1. Install and launch the software on that working Windows PC, click Home > Tools > Create Bootable Media.

Step 2. Make your choice from two disc types, the second one Windows PE is recommended since it provides more flexible and convenient operations than Linux bootable disc. Click Next to continue.

Step 3. If your system is installed on a GPT disk, you can choose from following options. Then hit Next button.

Step 4. Select a storage media as you want. Corresponding media should be connected to your computer successfully in advance. Click Next to start the process.

Step 5. Wait for the progress completes and pull out the disc or USB.

Step 6. Now you’ve got a bootable media. You can use it to boot the computer with corrupted BCD, following the steps in Method 1 or Method 2.

Notes:

Normally you can keep the default selection in Step 3 (Create legacy bootable disc). The second option is designed to improve the compatibility of being used on multiple computers with different hardware configurations.

A CD-burning program is required if you want to use CD/DVD as bootable media.

4. Perform system backup in case of BCD missing or corruption

Now you’ve known how to fix Boot Configuration Data missing in Windows 10. The problem is, solving it once doesn’t mean it would never happen again.

As you know, Boot Configuration Data file is a part of system files. It is complicated and also vulnerable, which means you may encounter error 0xc0000034 as well as similar issues over and over.

To protect your computer better, you can make an image backup of the system when it’s in good condition or on a regular basis. Luckily, the operation can also be done with the software I mentioned earlier.

Step 1. Launch AOMEI Backupper Standard and click Backup > System Backup.

Step 2. The operation system will be automatically specified as the source. You just need to select a destination path. In addition to local disk, you can also backup system image to network drive/NAS, extertal hard drive, USB and so on for higher security. Alternately, you can also edit Task Name to make it easy to distinguish, or click Options, Schedule, Scheme to customize and optimize the backup. Then click Start Backup to begin.

Step 3. Wait till the process ends, click Finish to exit the wizard.

Step 4. Next time you encounter a system error, you can boot up Windows with the created bootable media, and restore your system to a point when there’s no such an error.

Tips:

Incremental and differential backup are both available in this software, you can make the choice as you like. Note the scheduled differential backup can only be performed in AOMEI Backupper Professional and higher editions.

Options — it offers you multiple practical options to comment on the backup, choose backup mode, compress image, split image, etc. Some features in it (like backup encryption) are only available in advanced editions.

Schedule — here you can run the backup automatically on a daily, weekly or monthly basis. Two more options are provided in advanced editions: Event triggers, USB plug in.

Scheme — it will delete older backups automatically with the rules you set to save the space. It’s only supported by advanced editions.

System Backup will only create an image of system partition. You can also perform other backup features such as file backup or partition backup to protect your important data.

If you don’t want to apply the manual solutions or find it difficult to perform the above-mentioned methods, then here is an easy alternative solution for you to fix this issue. Try the PC Repair Tool to fix the boot configuration data file is missing in Windows 10 computer.

This tool is capable of fixing this error without following any manual method. Along with this, it also fixes DLL, games, update, runtime errors, fixes registry entries, saves from the sudden files loss and much more.

It also optimizes PC to provide the maximum performance, so that users can run the PC without any performance issue. So, install this tool and scan your computer with this tool to fix the common PC errors.

Get PC Repair Tool to Fix the Boot Configuration Data File Missing Error

Удаляем, затем создаём заново шифрованный (EFI) системный раздел и раздел MSR 128 Мб

Находясь в консоли восстановления можно попробовать удалить оба раздела: отвечающий за загрузку (EFI) системный раздел и MSR и заново их создать (в случае если способ описанный выше не помог).

Удаляем, затем создаём заново шифрованный (EFI) системный раздел и раздел MSR 128 Мб

На моем ноутбуке с EFI BIOS установлен SSD диск размером 32Гб размеченный в GPT и карта памяти 8Гб.

В консоли Windows 8 управления дисками виден только системный EFI раздел, MSR не отображается.

Если из-под Windows 8 вызвать консоль управления дисками то можно видеть, что отображается только системный EFI раздел, «С» и раздел восстановления. MSR не виден. Все разделы включая MSR 128Мб отобразятся выводом команды lis par утилиты команднойстроки diskpart. Имейте это в виду.

Итак, как всегда нам понадобится установочный диск с Windows загрузившись с которого и нажав сочетание клавиш Shift+F10 мы попадем в окно командной строки.

Чтобы удалить оба раздела EFI и MSR из консоли восстановления вводим команды:

diskpart

lis dis (смотрим список имеющихся физических дисков)

sel dis 0 (выбираем жёсткий диск с системой)

lis par (команда выводит список разделов на выбранном жестком диске)

sel par 2 (выбираем раздел 2 — системный EFI раздел)

Кстати, в выводе команды lis par можно увидеть MSR раздел

del par override (удаляем раздел, который ранее выбрали. Для удаления раздела ESP и MSR или раздела OEM-изготовителя ноутбука, указываем параметр override)

sel par 3 (выбираем раздел MSR)

del par override (удаляем раздел MSR)

Листинг команды lis par: раздел 2 — EFI, раздел 3 — MSR, раздел 4 — основной (содержит папку Windows)

Создаём заново шифрованный (EFI) системный раздел и раздел MSR 128 Мб

Для этого вводим команды (не выходя из diskpart):

create par efi size=300 (создаём шифрованный (EFI) системный раздел 300 Мб, можно указать и меньший объем 100Мб например).

format fs=fat32 (форматируем его в файловую систему FAT32).

creat par msr size=128 (создаём раздел MSR 128 Мб)

exit (выходим из diskpart)

Создаём загрузчик командой

bcdboot C:Windows

Системный разделы и загрузчик успешно созданы.

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